Hypothesis: A massive eruptive event, possibly a giant geyser, sends a continuous stream of Extremely Low Frequency (E.L.F.) sonic energy toward Saturn's upper atmosphere, propagating as an ever expanding bubble-shaped emanation. Travelling through the outer layers of the atmosphere (in the region of the methane and helium clouds) the sonic bubble reaches the palisade after a journey time of several hours. The palisade is a circular region of high speed winds that acts as a boundary condition to the bubble, reflecting it back toward the epicenter.
Click on the image to view
Click on the image to view
In the region between the epicenter and palisade the reflected energy is partially neutralized by the E.L.F. sonic energy traveling outward, stabilizing into a standing wave of hexagonal geometry, one of the archetypal cymatic forms.
The frequency of the sonic energy, the diameter of the palisade and the density of the gases are the prime factors in determining the shape of the nodal (low pressure) area in which clouds form what may be nature's largest cymatic feature.
In 2012 we were asked by Deborah Stokes, curator for education at the Smithsonian, if it would be possible to image some 'songs of stars' for their African Cosmos Stellar Arts exhibition which was planned to run through to December 9th 2012. We were delighted to have been asked. Their exhibition, which was a great success with adults and young people was an important milestone for the CymaScope and it will help the instrument gain acceptance as a useful scientific tool.
The atomic processes within the atomic furnace of stars create sounds as a result of the high-energy collisions between atomic particles. These sounds cause the starlight to vary minutely, tiny modulations that can be detected by sensitive instrumentation, then demodulated, recreating the original sounds in the laboratory. Analysis of the star sounds can help asteroseismologists gain a better understanding of the atomic processes with a given star.
The star sound files were fed into a CymaScope, which makes the periodicities in the sounds visible by imprinting them on the surface of ultra pure water, thus transcribing the sound periodicities to periodic wavelets, effectively rendering the sounds visible. The CymaScope imagery was captured on-camera and sent to James Stuart Reid who provided colorization and titles. The completed videos were then sent to the Smithsonian where Michael Briggs used them to create the "Star Station," a booth where visitors experienced the star-sounds-made-visible, the first time such an exhibit has been achieved. Visitor reaction to the Star Station was very positive and children, in particular, loved it. Inspiring children to explore the field of cymatics is an important part of our ethos.
The Smithsonian web site article is here: https://africa.si.edu/exhibits/cosmos/starsounds.html
The 'star station' in the Smithsonian:
Star: RR Lyrae Dr Elisabeth Guggenberger, University of Vienna, Austria
Star: Chi Hydrae Dr Conny Aerts and team, University of Leuven, Belgium.
Sound file created by: European Southern Observatory.
Star: PG1159+035 Michael Breger, Department of Astronomy, University of Texas, USA.
Star: Sun Dr Guenter Houdek and Dr Douglas Gough, University of Vienna, Austria
One of the many applications for the CymaScope lies in making visible sounds from the interior of the earth, planets, stars, nebulae and galaxies. All sounds have structure when manifest on a membrane and by making the structure visible on the surface of water the nature of the geometry can help scientists understand the processes at work within planetary and celestial bodies Stanford University, in collaboration with the ESA and NASA, are studying the physics of the Sun both deep within its core and in its outer corona and solar wind regions,via the SOHO spacecraft data.
SOHO, which stands for "Solar and Heliospheric Observatory," was built in Europe by a team led by prime contractor Matra Marconi Space under overall management by ESA and was launched on December 2, 1995. The twelve instruments on board were provided by European and American scientists. NASA was responsible for the launch and is now responsible for mission operations. Large radio dishes around the world, which form NASA's Deep Space Network, are used for data downlink and commanding. Mission control is based at Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland.
The Stanford web site carries the full story together with some of the sounds captured by the SOHO spacecraft: https://solar-center.stanford.edu/singing/ The following video, posted with permission, was created by Stanford University and explains the basic concepts of the song of the sun.The video includes computer-modeled images that show sound bubbles within the sun's outer regions.
CymaScope.com have imaged one of the SOHO sounds on the CymaScope. We were pleased to discover that our result confirms the bubble-like structures in the sun's
outer 'regions'. The CymaScope image shows 28 bubbles against 34 shown in the Stanford model.
Computer-modeled images showing sound bubbles within the sun's outer regions