The combination of gases that we term air consists of individual atoms,
in the case of oxygen and nitrogen but as molecules, in the case of carbon
dioxide. Other gases are present but in minor concentrations. When sound
propagates in air, every atom or molecule lying in the path of propagation
is involved in the process of passing on the sound data that originated
from the sound source. The data takes the form of sinusoidal motions of
the atoms and molecules that are in contact with the sound source. For
example, if a sound source produces a tone of single frequency then the
periodic motion of every atom and molecule will be of the same single
periodicity. If the sound source produces a complex sound, with a
multiplicity of frequencies, the atoms and molecules will each carry this
array of periodicities.
The human voice is an
example of a complex sound, wherein every single atom and molecule in the
gases that form air transmit a multitude of vibrations that describe the
uniqueness of the voice. As each atom or molecule bumps into its nearest
neighbors their many periodic motions, representing the sonic data of the
voice, is passed on at the instant of collision. If we could see the sound
as it is being emitted it would appear as a bubble of sonic energy, the
surface of which would shimmer due to every atom and molecule vibrating in
Thus, I propose, sound is holographic. Theoretically, every atomic
particle in a sonic bubble contains all the data of the sound source.
Ultrasound, the frequencies above the range of human hearing, provide an
atypical case of sound propagation. At frequencies above 20KHz, the
effects of diffraction and thus sphericity, tend to diminish, resulting in
a gradual progression to a pencil-like beam. This tendency occurs due to
the smaller periodic range of motion within each atom or molecule,
resulting in insufficient energy to cause diffraction. However, sphericity
begins to return at very high sound pressure levels, for example at 130
dBA and above because there is sufficient sonic energy to cause multiple
The Nature of Light
Visible light is electromagnetism of a particular range of frequencies and although
the precise nature of electromagnetism is not known, I propose that it is
the result of the excitation of static magnetism, a form of energy
inherent in the force fields of all atoms. When the force fields of atoms
or molecules collide, there is a transfer of their periodicities defined
as the phonon or as sound.
Another result is the creation of electromagnetism. When real collisions
occur between atoms or molecules (as opposed to elastic collisions) there
must be a release of electromagnetic energy, generally classified as the
photon or as light. The reason the electromagnetism is of sinusoidal
law, it is proposed, is that each pair of colliding force fields are
themselves vibrating sinusoidally due to the vibrational energy state of
the atoms or molecules. The magnetic energy radiated is, thus, modulated
by the periodic vibrations of the atoms or molecules.
The frequency of electromagnetism resulting from colliding force fields is
not only a function of the vibrational energy states of the atoms or
molecules but also of the velocity of the collisions.
Light created by atomic collisions in which the energy states of the atoms
or molecules (coupled with their velocities) are too low to create visible
light will create infra red light and at even lower energy states, radio
frequencies. Light created by atomic collisions in which the energy states
are extremely high will create X-ray and gamma ray electromagnetism.
Multiple collisions between atoms or molecules result in spherical
propagation of electromagnetism. The reason for the sphericity, is similar
to that of sound, where every collision has a dispersing effect
(diffraction) on nearby atoms or molecules. In the case of
electromagnetism, some collisions are reactions to the main direction of
thrust, causing electromagnetism to travel in the opposite direction. In
summary, spherical electromagnetism is the result of diffractive and
reactive effects of atomic collisions.
Sonic Propagation of Electromagnetic Energy Components (SPEEC)
Sonic bubbles expand at approximately 700 miles an hour. Theoretically,
this expansion generates an accompanying electromagnetic sphere that
rushes away at 300,000 kilometres per second. As discussed above, it is
proposed that the frequencies of electromagnetism created by sound are
typically in the infra-red and radio frequency spectrum, depending upon
the initial sound pressure. That is, high intensity sounds will likely
generate infra-red energy and low intensity sounds will likely generate
low levels of radio frequency radiation. As proposed above, I predict that
the frequency of the emissions will be a function of the quiescent energy
states of the atoms or molecules as well as their collision velocity.
Whereas the energy in the sonic bubble falls off rapidly with distance
(sound outdoors typically radiates one mile), the electromagnetic sphere
is not significantly attenuated by clear air. The electromagnetic sphere
travels relatively unimpeded through the atmosphere to outer space where a
myriad of examples of starlight show us that it will travel virtually
forever unless it meets dense matter.
Sound pressure rapidly decreases as a result of the initial energy in the
sonic bubble being distributed over a greater and greater surface area as
it expands. The sonic bubble can only expand by the jostling of air
molecules, which cause friction at the atomic level. As we have seen,
theoretically, this friction creates electromagnetic energy. Sound
pressure also decreases because a small amount of heat (electromagnetism
in the infra-red/radio spectrum spectrum) results from each collision.
Thus, sound energy dissipates, in part, due to its conversion to
Theoretically, there are two component frequencies of oscillation in the
sound-generated electromagnetic sphere. The first is the frequency of
light created by the collisions. As we have seen, this oscillation is
likely modulated by the inherent sound periodicities of the colliding
atoms or molecules. The effect is similar to amplitude-modulated radio
transmissions, although the SPEEC theory predicts a far higher "carrier"
In conclusion, SPEEC theory predicts that sound always has an
electromagnetic (light) component. Accordingly, the frequencies of these
components are either in the radio spectrum or in the infrared band,
except where the sound pressure levels are extremely high. In such cases,
sound would create visible light.
John Stuart Reid